Improving Community Resilience for Pastoralists through Land Rights and Gender Equality

Improving Community Resilience for Pastoralists through Land Rights and Gender Equality

Project Summary

With our long-standing partner the Ujaama Community Resource Team (UCRT), we have secured UK Aid Direct for a three-year Land Rights and Gender Equality project (2018 – 2021) designed to improve community resilience for 22,303 pastoralists in 13 villages across three districts in northern Tanzania. This project secures land for pastoralist communities through Land Use Planning and Customary Certificates for Right of Occupancy; ensuring that women are represented in the process of legally recognising communal land ownership. This project empowers women as key agents for social change. It raises awareness of the recently adopted Maa constitution that recognises a woman’s right to own land and livestock, and to participate in decision-making. Working with Women’s Rights Leadership Forums, the project provides access to village community bank schemes, enabling women to improve their access to credit, their access to the means of production and, hence, the means of income generation. Read more about our Land Rights and Gender Equality project here 

Project Context

Dispossession of land and extreme gender inequality are the most serious challenges facing pastoralists in Tanzania. There is an institutional preference towards wildlife and conservation land use, which generate higher, short-term economic returns. Within and between pastoralist communities, conflict over land is endemic. Climate change and population growth (3% annual) exasperate the shortage of grazing land, undermining community resilience and traditional livelihoods. Pastoralist women’s rights are routinely violated; women do not have decision-making power over land or livestock, and they are denied information about their human rights.

Village Chairperson Testimony

“I feel, our land especially grazing land will be more safe if we have a project  which will take us into having a Certificate of Customary Right of Occupancy (CCRO), than today whereby we have a grazing land but without any legal document to prove that the land belong to us.”

Recent Achievements

781 men and women

have been trained on land laws and policies governing land use planning.

4 women's rights and leadership forums

were engaged in a 5 days training to help them acquire Village Community Banking knowledge and skills, including shares and fines.